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Adriatic sea

The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the peninsula from the Balkan Peninsula, and also the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. The Adriatic Sea is a part of the Mediterranean.
The western coast is Italian, whereas the eastern coast runs largely along Republic of Croatia, Montenegro and Republic of Albania however lesser parts belong to the Republic of Slovenia and Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Herzegovina (26 km). Major rivers joining the Adriatic Sea are the Reno, Po, Adige, Brenta, Piave, Soča/Isonzo, Zrmanja, Krka, Cetina, Neretva, Drin (Drini).


Name and etymology

The name has existed since antiquity; within the Latin of the Romans (Ancient Latin) it was Mare Superum; in medieval Latin it was Mare Hadriaticum or Mare Adriaticum. The name, derived from the Italian colony of Adria (or Hadria), originally selected solely the upper portion of the sea (Herodotus VI. 127, vii. 20, ix. 92; Euripides, Hippolytus, 736), however was bit by bit extended because the Syracuse colonies gained in importance. The word Adria in all probability derives from the Indo-European word order which means "water" or "sea".
But even than the Adriatic Sea within the narrower sense solely extended as far because the Monte Gargano, the outer portion being known as the Ionian Sea: the name was generally, however, inaccurately used to embody the Gulf of Tarentum (the modern-day Gulf of Taranto), the sea of Sicily, the Gulf of Corinth and even the sea between Crete and Malta (Acts xxvii. 27).
The Adriatic is located for the most part between the eastern coast of Italy and Croatia, each major tourist attraction. It absolutely was utilized by the traditional Romans to move merchandise (including animals and slaves) to Ostia (the Roman port).


Extent and measuring

The Adriatic Sea extends northwest from 40° to 45° 45' N., with an extreme length of about 770 km (415 NM, 480 mi). It's a mean breadth of about a hundred and sixty km (85 NM, 100 mi), though the Strait of Otranto, through that it connects at the south with the Ionian Sea, is just 45-55 maritime miles wide (85-100 km).
Moreover, the chain of islands which fringes the northern a {part of} the eastern shore reduces the intense breadth of open sea in this part to a hundred forty five km (78 NM, 90 mi). Its total extent is about 60,000 sq. miles (160,000 km2).
The depths of the Adriatic Sea close to its shores share a close relationship to the geography of the close coastlines. Where the coasts are high and mountainous, the close sea depths are considerable. For example, in the case of the Istrian and Dalmatian areas of the Republic of Slovenia and Republic of Croatia., the shores are low and sandy, and also the close sea is shallow, as within the neighborhood of Venezia or, farther south, close to the delta of the Italian Po River. Typically speaking, the waters are shallow right along the Italian coast. The location of maximum depth of the sea is settled south of the central area, and also the average depth is 1,457 feet (0.444 km) and most depth is 3,300 feet (1.0 km).
Coasts and islands
Islet Pokonji Dol within the sea, seen from the ferry between Hvar and Korčula in European country
Island St Nicolas, in geographic area
The west shore is mostly low, merging, within the northwest, into the marshes and lagoons on either hand of the projecting delta of the river Po, the sediment of which has pushed forward the coastline for many miles inside historic times -- Adria is currently a long way from the shore.
On islands inside one of the lagoons gap from the Gulf of Venezia, Venezia has its distinctive situation. Different notable cities on the Italian coast are Trieste, Ravenna, Rimini, Ancona, Pescara, Bari and Brindisi.
The east coast is mostly bold and rocky, with several islands. South of the Istrian many, that separates the Gulfs of Venezia and Gulf of Trieste from the Bay of Kvarner, the island-fringe of the east coast extends as way south as Ragusa. The island of Cres is the largest island within the sea, slightly larger than near Krk.
The islands, that are long and slim (the long axis lying parallel with the coast of the mainland), rise rather suddenly to elevations of a few hundred feet, with the exception of a few larger islands like Brač (Vidova Gora, 778 m) or the peninsula Pelješac (St. Ilija, 961 m). There are over a thousand islands within the Adriatic Sea, sixty six of which are peopled.
Roca Vecchia, Salento (Italy)
On the dry land, notably within the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska; named when the city of Kotor), lofty mountains typically falls on to the sea.
The prevailing color of the rocks is a light, dead gray, contrasting harshly with the dark vegetation, that on a number of the islands is luxuriant. In fact, Montenegro (Black Mountain) was named when the black pines that cover the coast there, and equally the Greek name for the island of Korčula is Korkyra Melaina which means "Black Corfu".
It is attention-grabbing to notice the large distinction between the Italian and Croatian coasts of the Adriatic Sea. Though solely a little distance from one another, the Croatian Coast and beaches are typically persistently clearer, cleaner and bluer than Italy's. Croatia is known for its Crystal clear water.
Major cities on the eastern coast embody Trieste in Italy; Koper, Izola and Piran in Slovenia; Umag, Poreč, Rovinj, Pula, Opatija, Rijeka, Senj, Zadar, Biograd, Šibenik, Trogir, Split, Makarska, Ploče and Ragusa in Croatia; Neum in Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Herzegovina; Herceg Novi, Kotor, Tivat, Bar, Budva and Ulcinj in Montenegro; and Durrës in Republic of Albania.


Weather patterns

The Bora (northeast wind), and also the prevalence of sharp squalls from this quarter or the southeast, are dangers to navigation in winter. Additionally notable are dust storm (southern wind) that brings rain within the winter and maestral (western wind) that brings serene weather within the summer.
Tidal movement is slight. The amphidromic purpose point off the northwestern shore, close to Ancona.

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